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Community Planning and Development, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Executive (1 - 10 of 758 items)
Low-Income Housing Tax Credit: The Role of Syndicators
GAO-17-285R: Published: Feb 16, 2017. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2017.
The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) established under the Tax Reform Act of 1986, is the largest source of federal assistance for developing affordable rental housing and has financed about 2.9 million rental units. LIHTCs encourage private-equity investment in low-income housing through tax credits. Developers of awarded projects typically attempt to obtain funding for their projects by att...
Mortgage-Related Assets: Capital Requirements Vary Depending on Type of Asset
GAO-17-93: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
Rules for capital adequacy require banks to hold a percentage of their assets as capital to act as a financial cushion to absorb unexpected losses. Under current rules, banks must hold capital equal to at least 8 percent of risk-weighted assets. Since the early 1990s, U.S. federal banking regulators have used a risk-weighting system under which banks multiply asset amounts by factors, known as ris...
Federal Housing Finance Agency: Objectives Needed for the Future of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac After Conservatorships
GAO-17-92: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) issued a new strategic plan for the conservatorships of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the enterprises) in 2014 with reformulated goals and supporting actions that reflect a shift in priorities and changing market conditions. While the three goals in the 2014 strategic plan are broadly similar to those in the previous plan issued in 2012, FHFA changed the wei...
Financial Audit: Federal Housing Finance Agency's Fiscal Years 2016 and 2015 Financial Statements
GAO-17-139R: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
GAO found (1) the Federal Housing Finance Agency's (FHFA) financial statements as of and for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2016, and 2015, are presented fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; (2) FHFA maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2016; and (3) no repo...
Water Infrastructure: Information on Selected Midsize and Large Cities with Declining Populations
GAO-16-785: Published: Sep 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2016.
Midsize cities (with populations from 50,000 to 99,999) and large cities (with populations of 100,000 and greater) that have experienced a population decline are generally more economically distressed than growing cities. Specifically, GAO's review of American Community Survey data for 674 midsize and large cities showed that the 99 cities with declining population had higher poverty and unemploym...
Community Development Block Grants: Sources of Data on Community Income Are Limited
GAO-16-734: Published: Sep 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2016.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) and states' primary method for communities to demonstrate eligibility when they disagree with HUD's eligibility determination is to allow communities to conduct their own local income surveys to show that they meet the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) income threshold. HUD instructs small communities, known as nonentitlement communiti...
Mortgage Servicing: Community Lenders Remain Active under New Rules, but CFPB Needs More Complete Plans for Reviewing Rules
GAO-16-448: Published: Jun 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2016.
Community banks and credit unions (community lenders) remained active in servicing mortgage loans under the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's (CFPB) new mortgage-servicing rules. Among other things, these rules are intended to provide more information to consumers about their loan obligations. The share of mortgages serviced by community lenders in 2015—about 13 percent—remained small com...
Flood Insurance: Potential Barriers Cited to Increased Use of Private Insurance
GAO-16-611: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
Lenders and their regulators have taken some action to implement provisions on private flood insurance in the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 (Biggert-Waters Act). Specifically, lenders told GAO they send notifications to borrowers that encourage borrowers to compare private and National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policies. Lenders with whom GAO spoke accepted private policie...
Nonbank Mortgage Servicers: Existing Regulatory Oversight Could Be Strengthened [Reissued on April 14, 2016]
GAO-16-278: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
The share of home mortgages serviced by nonbanks increased from approximately 6.8 percent in 2012 to approximately 24.2 percent in 2015 (as measured by unpaid principal balance). However, banks continued to service the remainder (about 75.8 percent). Some market participants GAO interviewed said nonbank servicers' growth increased the capacity for servicing delinquent loans, but they also noted ch...
Financial Audit: Federal Housing Finance Agency's Fiscal Years 2015 and 2014 Financial Statements
GAO-16-95R: Published: Nov 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2015.
GAO found (1) the Federal Housing Finance Agency’s (FHFA) financial statements as of and for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2015, and 2014, are presented fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; (2) FHFA maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2015; and (3) no re...