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Department of Justice, Executive (1 - 10 of 11 items)
Campaign Finance Reform: Experiences of Two States That Offered Full Public Funding for Political Candidates
GAO-10-390: Published: May 28, 2010. Publicly Released: May 28, 2010.
The 2000 elections in Maine and Arizona were the first in the nation's history where candidates seeking state legislative seats had the option to fully fund their campaigns with public moneys. In 2003, GAO reviewed the public financing programs in Maine and Arizona and found the programs' goals were to (1) increase electoral competition; (2) increase voter choice; (3) curb increases in campaign co...
Bilingual Voting Assistance: Selected Jurisdictions' Strategies for Identifying Needs and Providing Assistance
GAO-08-182: Published: Jan 18, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 18, 2008.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965, as amended, contains, among other things, provisions designed to protect the voting rights of U.S. citizens of certain ethnic groups whose command of the English language may be limited. The Department of Justice (DOJ) enforces these provisions, and the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) serves as a national clearinghouse for election information and procedures. Th...
Convenience Gambling: Information on Economic and Social Effects in Selected Locations
GAO-01-108: Published: Oct 18, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2000.
This report summarizes GAO's findings on the economic and social effects of "convenience gambling." The National Gambling Impact Study Commission defines convenience gambling as the placement of slot machines or video poker terminals in restaurants, bars, drugstores, and other businesses to attract local residents rather than tourists. Although data from the communities GAO studied indicated that...
State and Federal Prisoners: Profiles of Inmate Characteristics in 1991 and 1997
GGD-00-117: Published: May 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the profiles of felons incarcerated in federal and state correctional facilities, focusing on: (1) the overall profiles for state and federal prison inmates in 1997; and (2) acomparison of 1991 and 1997 profiles to determine whether there were any changes in the overall profiles for state and federal inmates.GAO noted that: (1) in 19...
Impact of Gambling: Economic Effects More Measurable Than Social Effects
GGD-00-78: Published: Apr 27, 2000. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the National Gambling Impact Study Commission's (NGISC) case study on gambling, focusing on: (1) the economic effects of gambling, particularly on employment, bankruptcy, and tax revenues and community investment; (2) the social effects of gambling; (3) the prevalence of pathological gambling; and (4) whether communities offer incentives to attract...
Welfare Reform: Public Assistance Benefits Provided to Recently Naturalized Citizens
HEHS-99-102: Published: Jun 23, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) number of recently naturalized citizens receiving benefits from four major public assistance programs (Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Medicaid, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and Food Stamps) compared with that of the native-born population in 1997; and (2) estimated annual cost to the federal and state...
Community Development: Changes in Nebraska's and Iowa's Counties With Large Meatpacking Plant Workforces
RCED-98-62: Published: Feb 27, 1998. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the population changes that have occurred in communities in Nebraska and Iowa with large meatpacking workforces; (2) the changes that have occurred in school enrollments, health care costs, economic conditions, and crime rates; (3) whether the housing conditions of plant workers and their families; and (4) if there is evidence that meatpacking...
Federal and State Prisons: Inmate Populations, Costs, and Projection Models
GGD-97-15: Published: Nov 25, 1996. Publicly Released: Nov 25, 1996.
GAO reviewed the trends in U.S. prison inmate populations and operating and capital costs since 1980, including projections for 2000 and beyond and the reasons for the trends and the models and methodologies used by federal and state corrections agencies and nongovernmental forecasting organizations to make these projections.GAO found that: (1) the total U.S. prison population grew from about 329,...
People With Disabilities: Federal Programs Could Work Together More Efficiently to Promote Employment
HEHS-96-126: Published: Sep 3, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 3, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal programs targeted to disabled persons, focusing on: (1) how many of the programs provide employment-related services; (2) coordination of information, eligibility criteria, and services among various programs; and (3) the programs' effectiveness in promoting employment among disabled persons.GAO found that: (1) 130 federal programs provide...
Statistical Agencies: A Comparison of the U.S. and Canadian Statistical Systems
GGD-96-142: Published: Aug 1, 1996. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared the decentralized federal statistical system to Canada's centralized statistical system, focusing on differences in the: (1) systems' organizational and budget structures; (2) systems' legal frameworks that govern privacy concerns, data confidentiality, and data sharing; and (3) position and authority of the chief statisticians of the United States...