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Department of Health and Human Services, Executive (1 - 10 of 14 items) in Custom Date Range
Dental Services: Information on Coverage, Payments, and Fee Variation
GAO-13-754: Published: Sep 6, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2013.
Overall, trends in dental coverage show little change from 1996 to 2010--around 62 percent of individuals had coverage. The percentage of the population with private dental coverage decreased from 53 to 50 percent. Dental coverage through Medicaid or the State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), which was established in 1997, rose from 9 to 13 percent. The increase was due primarily to an...
Medicaid: Alternative Measures Could Be Used to Allocate Funding More Equitably
GAO-13-434: Published: May 10, 2013. Publicly Released: May 10, 2013.
GAO identified multiple data sources that could be used to develop measures to allocate Medicaid funding to states more equitably than the current funding formula--known as the Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)--which is based solely on per capita income (PCI). To be equitable from the perspective of beneficiaries and allow states to provide a comparable level of services to each person...
Unemployment Insurance: Economic Circumstances of Individuals Who Exhausted Benefits
GAO-12-408: Published: Feb 17, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 2012.
Among the 15 million workers who lost jobs from 2007 to 2009, half received Unemployment Insurance (UI), and about one-fourth of the recipients exhausted UI benefits by January 2010. This represents 2 million displaced workers who exhausted UI as of early 2010, the most recent survey data available. Labor estimated that about an additional 3-1/2 million individuals exhausted benefits in 2010 and 2...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Fewer Eligible Families Have Received Cash Assistance Since the 1990s, and the Recession's Impact on Caseloads Varies by State
GAO-10-164: Published: Feb 23, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2010.
Following sweeping changes made to federal welfare policy in 1996 with the creation of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, the number of needy families who received cash assistance fell by more than half to 1.7 million in 2008. Poverty among children also fell from about 21 percent in 1995 to about 16 percent in 2000, rising again to 19 percent in 2008. The current recessio...
Child Care: Recent State Policy Changes Affecting the Availability of Assistance for Low-Income Families
GAO-03-588: Published: May 5, 2003. Publicly Released: May 5, 2003.
With the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program taking effect in 1997, child care assistance became a significant strategy for helping welfare recipients move into the workforce and for helping other low-income families stay off welfare. Since 1997, states have used federal funds from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) and TANF along with state funds to expand child care as...
Hospital Emergency Departments: Crowded Conditions Vary among Hospitals and Communities
GAO-03-460: Published: Mar 14, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2003.
Hospital emergency departments are a major part of the nation's health care safety net. Emergency departments report being under increasing pressure, with the number of visits nationwide increasing from an estimated 95 million in 1997 to an estimated 108 million in 2000. GAO was asked to provide information on emergency department crowding, including the extent hospitals located in metropolitan ar...
Welfare Reform: Former TANF Recipients with Impairments Less Likely to Be Employed and More Likely to Receive Federal Supports
GAO-03-210: Published: Dec 6, 2002. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2002.
Debates surrounding the reauthorization of welfare reform legislation have involved some discussion regarding outcomes for TANF recipients with physical or mental impairments. To inform this discussion, GAO was asked to report on (1) whether recipients with impairments were as likely to exit TANF as their counterparts without impairments and (2) the sources of income reported by leavers with and w...
Child Care: States Exercise Flexibility in Setting Reimbursement Rates and Providing Access for Low-Income Children
GAO-02-894: Published: Sep 18, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2002.
Federal welfare legislation passed in 1996 placed a greater emphasis on helping low-income families end dependence on government benefits by promoting job preparation and work. To reach this goal, the legislation gave states greater flexibility to design programs that use federal funds to subsidize child care for low-income families. Under the Child Care and Development Fund, this flexibility incl...
Welfare Reform: Outcomes for TANF Recipients with Impairments
GAO-02-884: Published: Jul 8, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2002.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grants to states, which emphasizes work and responsibility over dependence on government benefits. GAO found that impairments are common among TANF recipients and their children, with 44 percent of TANF recipients reporting that they or their children had imp...
Welfare Reform: More Coordinated Federal Effort Could Help States and Localities Move TANF Recipients With Impairments Toward Employment
GAO-02-37: Published: Oct 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 2001.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 significantly changed federal welfare policy for low-income families with children. The act eliminated eligible families' legal entitlement to cash assistance and created Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grants to states. TANF emphasizes the importance of work and personal responsibility rather than dep...