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Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, Executive (41 - 50 of 397 items)
State and Local Government Pension Plans: Economic Downturn Spurs Efforts to Address Costs and Sustainability
GAO-12-322: Published: Mar 2, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2012.
Despite the recent economic downturn, most large state and local government pension plans have assets sufficient to cover benefit payments to retirees for a decade or more. However, pension plans still face challenges over the long term due to the gap between assets and liabilities. In the past, some plan sponsors have not made adequate plan contributions or have granted unfunded benefit increases...
Decennial Census: Additional Actions Could Improve the Census Bureau's Ability to Control Costs for the 2020 Census
GAO-12-80: Published: Jan 24, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2012.
The average cost to count each housing unit rose from $70 in 2000 to $97 in 2010 (in constant 2010 dollars). While the U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) made changes to its budget structure from 2000 to 2010, they did not document the changes that would facilitate comparisons over time and cannot identify specific drivers of this cost growth. According to GAOs Cost Estimating and Assessment Guide,...
Unemployment Insurance: Economic Circumstances of Individuals Who Exhausted Benefits
GAO-12-408: Published: Feb 17, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 2012.
Among the 15 million workers who lost jobs from 2007 to 2009, half received Unemployment Insurance (UI), and about one-fourth of the recipients exhausted UI benefits by January 2010. This represents 2 million displaced workers who exhausted UI as of early 2010, the most recent survey data available. Labor estimated that about an additional 3-1/2 million individuals exhausted benefits in 2010 and 2...
Vacant Properties: Growing Number Increases Communities' Costs and Challenges
GAO-12-34: Published: Nov 4, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2011.
Vacant and unattended residential properties can attract crime, cause blight, and pose a threat to public safety. While homeowners or mortgage owners--including the mortgage servicers that administer loans on behalf of loan owners--are responsible for maintaining vacant properties with mortgages undergoing foreclosure, the costs local governments incur to mitigate any unsafe conditions can be sign...
Intragovernmental Revolving Funds: Commerce Departmental and Census Working Capital Funds Should Better Reflect Key Operating Principles
GAO-12-56: Published: Nov 18, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2011.
Agencies can improve their efficiency through the use of shared services, which are often financed through intragovernmental revolving funds (IRF). GAO was asked to (1) identify key operating principles the Commerce Departmental and Census Bureau Working Capital Funds (WCF), which are one type of IRF, should follow to ensure appropriate tracking and use of federal funds and (2) evaluate how depart...
Gender Pay Differences: Progress Made, but Women Remain Overrepresented among Low-Wage Workers
GAO-12-10: Published: Oct 12, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2011.
Women represent an increasingly larger share of the total workforce in the United States--constituting nearly half of the total workforce. In addition, an increasing proportion of women in the workforce are more educated. However, research by GAO and others has shown that women's average pay has been and remains lower than that of men. Questions have been raised about the extent to which less-adva...
Income Security: Older Adults and the 2007-2009 Recession
GAO-12-76: Published: Oct 17, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2011.
The recession of 2007 to 2009 has been the most severe in this country since the 1930s. After adjusting for inflation, gross domestic product declined by 5.1 percent and the national unemployment rate peaked at 9.5 percent. While the recession officially ended in June 2009, our economy has experienced a weak recovery, with unemployment still above 9 percent. While the recession has affected all ag...
Income Security: The Effect of the 2007-2009 Recession on Older Adults
GAO-12-172T: Published: Oct 18, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2011.
This testimony discusses the effects of the recent recession on older adults. While the recession officially ended in June 2009, our economy has experienced a weak recovery, with unemployment still above 9 percent. Older adults--particularly those close to or in retirement--may not have the same opportunities as younger adults to recover from the recession's effects. For example, older adults--gen...
Decennial Census: Census Bureau and Postal Service Should Pursue Opportunities to Further Enhance Collaboration
GAO-11-874: Published: Sep 30, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2011.
The Census Bureau (Bureau) and U.S. Postal Service (USPS) collaborated on aspects of the 2010 Census and prior decennials, and those efforts generally went well in such areas as address list development. But both agencies face challenges: the Bureau needs to control the escalating cost of the decennial census and maintain its accuracy, while USPS must improve its financial condition. As requested,...
Disadvantaged Students: School Districts Have Used Title I Funds Primarily to Support Instruction
GAO-11-595: Published: Jul 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2011.
Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended, is the largest federal education funding source for kindergarten through grade 12. In fiscal year 2010, Congress appropriated $14.5 billion for Title I grants to school districts to improve educational programs in schools with high concentrations of students from lowincome families. ESEA includes accountability requirements...