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Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, Executive (101 - 110 of 397 items)
2010 Census: Population Measures Are Important for Federal Funding Allocations
GAO-08-230T: Published: Oct 29, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2007.
The decennial census is a constitutionally-mandated activity that produces critical data used to apportion congressional seats, redraw congressional districts, and allocate billions of dollars in federal assistance. This testimony discusses (1) the various measures of population used to allocate federal grant funds (2) how the accuracy of the population count and measurement of accuracy have evolv...
State and Local Government Retiree Benefits: Current Status of Benefit Structures, Protections, and Fiscal Outlook for Funding Future Costs
GAO-07-1156: Published: Sep 24, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 24, 2007.
State and local retiree benefits are not subject, for the most part, to federal laws governing private sector retiree benefits. Nevertheless, there is a federal interest in ensuring that all Americans have a secure retirement, as reflected in the special tax treatment provided for both private and public pension funds. In 2004, new government accounting standards were issued, calling for the repor...
Retirement Security: Women Face Challenges in Ensuring Financial Security in Retirement
GAO-08-105: Published: Oct 11, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 2007.
Women aged 65 and over will account for a growing segment of the U.S. population over the next several decades. Despite increases in women's workforce behavior in the past 65 years, elderly women have persistently high rates of poverty. Thus, it is important to understand the differences between men's and women's retirement income, and how women may fare given future reforms to Social Security and...
Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Improve Its Risk Management of Decennial Systems
GAO-08-79: Published: Oct 5, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 2007.
Automation and information technology (IT) are expected to play a critical role in the 2010 decennial census. The Census Bureau plans to spend about $3 billion on automation and technology that are to improve the accuracy and efficiency of census collection, processing, and dissemination. The Bureau is holding what it refers to as a Dress Rehearsal, during which it plans to conduct operational tes...
Unemployment Insurance: Low-Wage and Part-Time Workers Continue to Experience Low Rates of Receipt
GAO-07-1147: Published: Sep 7, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2007.
The Unemployment Insurance (UI) program has been a key component in ensuring the financial security of America's workforce for more than 70 years. The UI program is a federal-state partnership designed to partially replace lost earnings of individuals who become unemployed through no fault of their own. In fiscal year 2006, the UI program covered about 130 million wage and salary workers and paid...
Unemployment Insurance: Receipt of Benefits Has Declined, with Continued Disparities for Low-Wage and Part-Time Workers
GAO-07-1243T: Published: Sep 19, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2007.
The Unemployment Insurance (UI) program has been a key component in ensuring the financial security of America's workforce. In the 72 years since the UI program began, the nature of work has changed in fundamental ways. In recent decades the number of low-wage jobs, the average duration of unemployment, and the number of women in the workforce have all increased. This testimony addresses: (1) the...
Medicare Physician Payments: Medicare and Private Payment Differences for Anesthesia Services
GAO-07-463: Published: Jul 27, 2007. Publicly Released: Aug 27, 2007.
In 2005 Medicare paid over $1.4 billion for anesthesia services. These services are generally provided by anesthesia practitioners, such as anesthesiologists and certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs). A government-sponsored study found that Medicare payments for anesthesia services are lower than private payments. Congress is concerned that this difference may create regional discrepanci...
Trade Adjustment Assistance: Industry Certification Would Likely Make More Workers Eligible, but Design and Implementation Challenges Exist
GAO-07-919: Published: Jun 29, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2007.
Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) is the nation's primary program providing job training and other assistance to manufacturing workers who lose their jobs due to international trade. For workers to receive TAA benefits, the Department of Labor (Labor) must certify that workers in a particular layoff have lost their jobs due to trade. Congress is considering allowing entire industries to be certifi...
2010 Census: Diversity in Human Capital, Outreach Efforts Can Benefit the 2010 Census
GAO-07-1132T: Published: Jul 26, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2007.
For the 2010 Census, the U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) faces the daunting challenge of cost-effectively counting a population that is growing steadily larger, more diverse, increasingly difficult to find, and more reluctant to participate in the decennial census. Managing its human capital, maintaining community partnerships, and developing advertising strategies to increase response rates for the d...
Higher Education: Information Sharing Could Help Institutions Identify and Address Challenges Some Asian Americans and Pacific Islander Students Face
GAO-07-925: Published: Jul 25, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2007.
As a group, Asian American and Pacific Islanders represent about 5 percent of the U.S. population and hold about 8 percent of the college degrees. To better understand the educational attainment and average incomes of the subgroups that comprise this population, the Committee asked: 1) What are Asian American and Pacific Islander subgroups' educational attainment and household income levels? (2) W...