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Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, Executive (11 - 20 of 397 items)
Information Technology: Better Management of Interdependencies between Programs Supporting 2020 Census Is Needed
GAO-16-623: Published: Aug 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2016.
The three selected Census Enterprise Data Collection and Processing (CEDCAP) projects (of 12 total) in GAO's review partially met best practices for monitoring and controlling. For example, the projects fully met the best practice of establishing a process for taking corrective actions if issues are identified, but they did not fully meet the practice of identifying significant performance deviati...
Community Development Block Grants: Sources of Data on Community Income Are Limited
GAO-16-734: Published: Sep 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2016.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) and states' primary method for communities to demonstrate eligibility when they disagree with HUD's eligibility determination is to allow communities to conduct their own local income surveys to show that they meet the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) income threshold. HUD instructs small communities, known as nonentitlement communiti...
2020 Census: Census Bureau Needs to Improve Its Life-Cycle Cost Estimating Process
GAO-16-628: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2016.
Since 2012, the U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) has taken significant steps to improve its capacity to carry out an effective cost estimate; however, its October 2015 cost estimate for the 2020 Census does not fully reflect characteristics of a high-quality estimate and cannot be considered reliable. To reflect these characteristics, an organization must meet or substantially meet four best practices...
Information Technology: Management of Interdependencies between Programs Supporting 2020 Census
GAO-16-723T: Published: Jun 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2016.
The 2020 Census program is heavily dependent upon the Census Enterprise Data Collection and Processing (CEDCAP) program to deliver the key systems needed to support the 2020 Census redesign. However, GAO's preliminary findings showed that while the two programs have taken steps to coordinate their schedules, risks, and requirements, they lacked effective processes for managing their interdependenc...
Telecommunications: Additional Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed for High-Speed Internet Access Programs on Tribal Lands
GAO-16-222: Published: Jan 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2016.
Although all 21 tribes GAO interviewed have some access to high-speed Internet, tribes and providers GAO interviewed cited barriers to increasing access. For example, high poverty rates and the high costs of connecting remote tribal villages to core Internet networks—called middle-mile infrastructure—limit high-speed Internet availability and adoption on tribal lands (see fig.). About half of...
2020 Census: Key Information Technology Decisions Must Be Made Soon
GAO-16-205T: Published: Nov 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
GAO has previously reported that the U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) faces a number of critical challenges in developing and deploying the information technology (IT) systems and infrastructure it plans to rely on to conduct the significantly redesigned 2020 Census. Specifically, the Bureau has a major IT program under way to modernize and consolidate the multiple, duplicative systems it currently use...
2020 Census: Progress Report on Using Administrative Records to Control Enumeration Costs
GAO-16-206T: Published: Nov 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
The U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) estimates that it can save around $1.4 billion using administrative records, compared to relying solely on traditional enumeration methods. While the Bureau has made some limited use of administrative records during past decennials, it plans to use them much more extensively in 2020 to achieve these savings.For example, the Bureau plans to use administrative records...
2020 Census: Additional Actions Would Help the Bureau Realize Potential Administrative Records Cost Savings
GAO-16-48: Published: Oct 20, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2015.
Increased reliance on administrative records—information already provided to the government as it administers other programs—has been discussed since the 1970s as a possible way to improve the quality or reduce the cost of the decennial census, and it may finally play a significant role in the decennial census in 2020. The U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) estimates that it can save $1.4 billion usi...
Federal Low-Income Programs: Multiple Programs Target Diverse Populations and Needs
GAO-15-516: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2015.
More than 80 federal programs (including 6 tax expenditures) provide aid to people with low incomes, based on GAO's survey of relevant federal agencies. Medicaid (the largest by far), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and the refundable portion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) comprised almost two-thirds of fiscal year 2013 federal obli...
Retirement Security: Most Households Approaching Retirement Have Low Savings
GAO-15-419: Published: May 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2015.
Many retirees and workers approaching retirement have limited financial resources. About half of households age 55 and older have no retirement savings (such as in a 401(k) plan or an IRA). According to GAO's analysis of the 2013 Survey of Consumer Finances, many older households without retirement savings have few other resources, such as a defined benefit (DB) plan or nonretirement savings, to d...