This is the accessible text file for GAO report number GAO-05-589R 
entitled 'Financial Audit: The Tennessee Valley Authority's Fiscal Year 
2004 Management Representation Letter on Its Financial Statements' 
which was released on June 24, 2005. 

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June 23, 2005: 

Mr. Michael E. Rescoe: 
Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President: 
Financial Services: 
Tennessee Valley Authority: 

The Honorable Richard W. Moore: 
Inspector General: 
Tennessee Valley Authority: 

Subject: Financial Audit: The Tennessee Valley Authority's Fiscal Year 
2004 Management Representation Letter on Its Financial Statements: 

As you know, the Secretary of the Treasury, in coordination with the 
Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is required to 
annually prepare and submit audited financial statements of the U.S. 
government to the President and the Congress. We are required to audit 
these consolidated financial statements (CFS) and report on the results 
of our work.[Footnote 1] In connection with fulfilling our requirement 
to audit the fiscal year 2004 CFS, we evaluated the Department of the 
Treasury's (Treasury) financial reporting procedures and related 
internal control over the process for compiling the CFS, including the 
management representation letter provided us by Treasury and OMB. 
Written representation letters from management, required by U.S. 
generally accepted government auditing standards, ordinarily confirm 
oral representations given to the auditor, indicate and document the 
continuing appropriateness of those representations, and reduce the 
possibility of a misunderstanding between management and the auditor. 

In our report, which is included in the fiscal year 2004 Financial 
Report of the United States Government,[Footnote 2] we reported a 
limitation on the scope of our work due to identified concerns with the 
adequacy of certain federal agencies' management representations on 
which Treasury and OMB depend to provide their representations to us 
regarding the CFS. Specifically, Treasury and OMB stated that their 
representation letter to us on the CFS was based primarily on the 
individual federal agency representation letters. Consequently, our 
audit considered the content of the individual federal agency letters, 
and the incompleteness of certain of these letters impaired our ability 
to obtain sufficient evidence in support of our audit of the CFS. This 
limitation contributed to our disclaimer of opinion on the CFS. We 
performed sufficient audit work to provide the disclaimer of opinion 
and issued our audit report, dated December 6, 2004, in accordance with 
U.S. generally accepted government auditing standards. 

As part of our audit of the fiscal year 2004 CFS, we received and 
reviewed selected federal agencies' management representation letters 
to assess their adequacy in support of our audit of the CFS. As the 
federal government gets closer to an opinion on its financial 
statements, it becomes more important that the federal agencies' 
management representation letters be complete and reliably prepared. 

The purpose of this report is to communicate our observations on the 
Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) fiscal year 2004 management 
representation letter. Our objective is to help ensure that future 
management representation letters submitted by TVA are sufficient to 
help support Treasury and OMB's preparation of the CFS management 
representation letter and our ability to rely on the representations in 
that letter in combination with individual federal agency 
representation letters. We reviewed five key areas in each management 
representation letter: (1) signatures, (2) materiality thresholds, (3) 
representations, (4) summary of unadjusted misstatements, and (5) 
reliability of representations. In reviewing the management 
representation letters, we applied the American Institute of Certified 
Public Accountants' (AICPA) Codification of Auditing Standards, AU 
Section 333, Management Representations; OMB Bulletin 01-02, Audit 
Requirements for Federal Financial Statements; and the GAO/President's 
Council on Integrity and Efficiency (PCIE) Financial Audit Manual (FAM) 
section 1001, entitled "Management Representations."[Footnote 3]

Results in Brief: 

TVA's fiscal year 2004 management representation letter did not provide 
all the information necessary to support Treasury and OMB's preparation 
of the CFS management representation letter. This in turn impacted our 
ability to rely on the representations in the CFS management 
representation letter in combination with individual federal agency 
representation letters. 

We identified some needed improvements in two of the five key areas we 
reviewed. First, TVA did not provide the materiality thresholds used to 
determine, for representation purposes, any matters that were 
individually or collectively material to its financial statements. Such 
individual federal agency thresholds are considered by Treasury and OMB 
in providing a materiality threshold for the CFS representation letter. 
In addition, the letter included 21 of the 26 representations[Footnote 
4] from the FAM that were applicable to TVA. For the other 5 
representations, 1 was not fully included and 4 were not provided at 
all. 

We believe that these matters can be easily addressed. We are making 
two recommendations to TVA's Chief Financial Officer targeted to 
specific changes needed. Also, we are recommending that the TVA 
Inspector General, with the contracted independent public accountant, 
work with the agency to help ensure that future management 
representation letters meet the key conditions noted as needing 
improvements in this report. 

In commenting on a draft of this report, TVA's Chief Financial Officer 
and Inspector General, in separate letters, stated that their offices 
will work to address the conditions noted in our report. 

Background: 

In conducting agency financial statement audits, U.S. generally 
accepted government auditing standards incorporate financial auditing 
fieldwork and reporting standards issued by the AICPA. Such auditing 
standards (AU Section 333) require auditors to obtain certain 
representations from agency management. These representations are part 
of the evidential matter to be considered by the auditor in its audit 
of the agency's financial statements. The representations obtained will 
depend on the circumstances of the engagement and the nature and basis 
of presentation of the financial statements. AU Section 333 discusses 
specific representations that should be obtained from management, 
including a requirement to attach a schedule of unadjusted financial 
statement misstatements for entities with uncorrected misstatements. 

In addition, OMB Bulletin 01-02 and FAM section 1001 contain guidance 
on preparing federal agencies' management representation letters. 
According to the FAM, in addition to the representations included in AU 
Section 333, the auditor generally should consider the need to obtain 
representations on other matters based on the circumstances of the 
audited entity. FAM section 1001A lists 35 specific representations 
ordinarily included in the management representation letter and also 
includes a requirement to attach a schedule of unadjusted financial 
statement misstatements for entities with uncorrected misstatements. 
(See enc. I for these representations.) Representations listed in FAM 
section 1001A should be customized to the situation of the entity being 
audited or excluded if inapplicable. We perform our audit of the CFS in 
accordance with the FAM and related auditing standards. 

Treasury and OMB are to receive management representation letters from 
certain federal agencies. This is important because U.S. generally 
accepted government auditing standards require that Treasury and OMB 
provide us, as principal auditor of the CFS, a management 
representation letter, and their letter depends on the information in 
such agencies' management representation letters. In their 
representation letter to us for the audit of the fiscal year 2004 CFS, 
Treasury and OMB stated that their representations are based primarily 
on the representations of those agencies covered by the Chief Financial 
Officers (CFO) Act and other selected agencies that were made in 
connection with the preparation of these entities' respective financial 
statements and provided to OMB and Treasury. For this reason, it is 
important that all federal agency representation letters be complete 
and reliable. 

Objectives, Scope, and Methodology: 

In connection with our audit of the fiscal year 2004 CFS, we evaluated 
Treasury's financial reporting procedures and related internal control, 
including the CFS management representation letter. For the fiscal year 
2004 CFS, 33 of the 35 "verifying agencies" submitted audited financial 
statements along with their management representation letters to 
Treasury.[Footnote 5] In our review of these 33 management 
representation letters, our overall objective was to assess their 
adequacy as it relates to our audit of the CFS. Specifically, we 
reviewed each agency management representation letter to determine 
whether the following five key conditions were met: 

* the management representation letter was signed by appropriate agency 
officials;

* the management representation letter included designation as to the 
amounts above which matters were considered material (materiality 
thresholds);

* the management representation letter included applicable 
representations from the FAM;

* the management representation letter included a properly prepared 
summary of unadjusted misstatements for agencies with uncorrected 
misstatements; and: 

* the representations in the management representation letter were 
reliable based on a review of findings in the auditor's report. 

This report is based on the audit work we performed for the audit of 
the fiscal year 2004 CFS, which was performed in accordance with U.S. 
generally accepted government auditing standards. 

We requested comments on a draft of this report from TVA's Chief 
Financial Officer and Inspector General or their designees. Written 
comments from TVA's Chief Financial Officer and Inspector General are 
reprinted in enclosures II and III and are also discussed in the Agency 
Comments section. 

Identified Issues with TVA's Fiscal Year 2004 Management Representation 
Letter: 

With respect to TVA's fiscal year 2004 management representation 
letter, we identified the following two areas that need some 
improvement: (1) providing the materiality thresholds used and (2) 
providing or fully including applicable representations from the FAM. 
Details regarding these issues are as follows. 

Providing the Materiality Thresholds Used: 

Management representations may be limited to matters that are 
considered individually or collectively material to the entity's 
financial statements, provided that management and the auditor have 
reached an understanding on the materiality thresholds to be used. 
Likewise, in preparing the overall management representation letter for 
the CFS, which is provided to us, Treasury and OMB limit the letter's 
representations to matters that are considered to be material. While an 
understanding between management and the auditor of materiality 
thresholds used is not explicitly required by auditing standards to be 
included in the management representation letter, Treasury and OMB use 
agency thresholds in providing a materiality threshold for the 
governmentwide management representation letter. 

For fiscal year 2004, because the materiality thresholds used were not 
included in TVA's and a number of other federal agencies' management 
representation letters, or otherwise provided to Treasury and OMB, 
Treasury and OMB's ability to represent that all matters material to 
the CFS were properly considered and included in the overall management 
representation letter for the CFS was impaired. 

Providing or Fully Including Applicable Representations from the FAM: 

Written representations from management ordinarily confirm oral 
representations made to the auditor during the audit, document the 
continuing appropriateness of those representations, and reduce the 
possibility of a misunderstanding. To meet auditing standards and OMB 
requirements, federal agencies' management and auditors need to ensure 
that management representation letters are complete and accurate. 

We found that TVA's fiscal year 2004 management representation letter 
included 21 of the 26 representations from the FAM that were applicable 
to TVA. Of the 5 other representations, 1 was not fully included and 4 
were not provided at all. For the incomplete representation, the TVA 
management representation letter included the following representation 
intended to cover the intraentity transactions and balances 
representation called for by FAM 10. (See enc. I for this 
representation.)

"TVA has appropriately reconciled its books and records (e.g., general 
ledger accounts) underlying the financial statements to their related 
supporting information (e.g., sub ledger or third-party data). All 
related reconciling items considered to be material were identified and 
included on the reconciliations and were appropriately adjusted in the 
financial statements. There were no material unreconciled differences 
or material general ledger suspense account items that should have been 
adjusted or reclassified to another account balance. There were no 
material general ledger suspense account items written off to a balance 
sheet account, which should have been written off to an income 
statement account and vice versa. All intracompany accounts have been 
eliminated or appropriately measured and considered for disclosure in 
the financial statements."

While this representation addresses intraentity transactions and 
balances, it should also address intragovernmental transactions and 
balances as called for by FAM 10. 

In addition, the four representations not provided were as follows. 

* FAM #14:We are responsible for establishing and maintaining internal 
control. 

* FAM #25:We are responsible for the agency's compliance with 
applicable laws and regulations. 

* FAM #26:We have identified and disclosed to you all laws and 
regulations that have a direct and material effect on the determination 
of financial statement amounts. 

* FAM #27:We have disclosed to you all known instances of noncompliance 
with laws and regulations. 

When agencies do not provide all representations or include incomplete 
representations in their management representation letters, it impairs 
our ability to audit the CFS and Treasury and OMB's ability to make 
these types of representations in the CFS management representation 
letter. 

Conclusions: 

In two of the five key areas we reviewed, TVA's fiscal year 2004 
management representation letter did not provide all the information 
necessary to support Treasury and OMB's preparation of the CFS 
management representation letter and our ability to rely on the 
representations in that letter in combination with individual federal 
agency representation letters, including that of TVA. The additional 
information needed from TVA is straightforward and should be easy to 
address. 

Recommendations for Executive Action: 

We recommend to TVA's Chief Financial Officer that in the future the 
management representation letter: 

* include materiality thresholds or such thresholds be provided 
separately to Treasury and OMB and: 

* fully include all representations from the FAM that are applicable to 
TVA. 

We recommend that the TVA Inspector General, with the contracted 
independent public accountant, work with the agency to help ensure that 
future management representation letters meet the key conditions noted 
as needing improvements in this report. 

Agency Comments: 

In commenting on a draft of this report, TVA's Chief Financial Officer 
and Inspector General, in separate letters, stated that their offices 
will work to address the conditions noted in our report. In addition, 
they stated that their offices had determined that the representations 
contained in their 2004 representation letter were in compliance with 
generally accepted auditing standards applicable to the audit of public 
companies. However, we perform our audit of the CFS in accordance with 
the FAM and related auditing standards. The FAM guidance contains 
representations beyond those required by generally accepted auditing 
standards. TVA's Chief Financial Officer and Inspector General stated 
that their offices will work with each other and with their external 
auditors to ensure that future management representation letters 
include representations in accordance with applicable guidance. The 
comments are reprinted in enclosures II and III. 

Within 60 days of the date of this report, we would appreciate 
receiving a written statement on actions taken to address these 
recommendations. 

We are sending copies of this report to the Chairmen and Ranking 
Minority Members of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and 
Governmental Affairs; the Subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, 
Government Information, and International Security, Senate Committee on 
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; the House Committee on 
Government Reform; and the Subcommittee on Government Management, 
Finance, and Accountability, House Committee on Government Reform. In 
addition, we are sending copies to the Fiscal Assistant Secretary of 
the Treasury and the Controller of OMB. Copies will be made available 
to others upon request. This report is also available at no charge on 
GAO's Web site at [Hyperlink, http://www.gao.gov]. 

We appreciate the courtesy and cooperation extended to us by your staff 
throughout our work. We look forward to continuing to work with your 
offices to help improve financial management in the federal government. 
If you have any questions about the contents of this report, please 
contact me at (202) 512-3406. 

Signed by: 

Gary T. Engel: 
Director: 
Financial Management and Assurance: 

Enclosures - 3: 

[End of section]

Enclosure I: Representations in FAM 1001A: 

Guidance contained in FAM 1001 and FAM 1001A deals with the management 
representations that the auditor should obtain from current management 
as part of the audit. This guidance also acknowledges that judgment 
needs to be exercised to obtain representations that depend on the 
circumstances of the engagement and the nature and basis of 
presentation of the financial statements. Representations given in FAM 
section 1001A should be customized to the situation of the entity being 
audited, and additional representations may need to be obtained. 

FAM 1001A lists 27 representations that are ordinarily included, if 
applicable, in the management representation letter that an agency 
provides to the auditor. For representations 3, 11, 16, and 18, the 
agency should address three separate components. As such, each agency 
is ordinarily expected to make a total of 35 representations. 
Representations 18, 19, 20, and 21 are not applicable unless the agency 
received an opinion on its internal control. In addition, 
representations 22, 23, and 24 address the three requirements of the 
Federal Financial Management Improvement Act of 1996 and are only 
applicable to the 24 CFO Act agencies. The 35 representations in FAM 
1001A are as follows. 

1. We are responsible for the fair presentation of the financial 
statements and stewardship information in conformity with U.S. 
generally accepted accounting principles. 

2. The financial statements are fairly presented in conformity with 
U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. 

3. We have made available to you all: 

* financial records and related data;

* where applicable, minutes of meetings of the Board of Directors [or 
other similar bodies, such as congressional oversight committees] or 
summaries of actions of recent meetings for which minutes have not been 
prepared; and: 

* communications from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) 
concerning noncompliance with or deficiencies in financial reporting 
practices. 

4. There are no material transactions that have not been properly 
recorded in the accounting records underlying the financial statements 
or disclosed in the notes to the financial statements. 

5. We believe that the effects of the uncorrected financial statement 
misstatements summarized in the accompanying schedule are immaterial, 
both individually and in the aggregate, to the financial statements 
taken as a whole. [If management believes that certain of the 
identified items are not misstatements, management's belief may be 
acknowledged by adding to the representation, for example, "We believe 
that items XX and XX do not constitute misstatements because 
[description of reason]."]

6. The [entity] has satisfactory title to all owned assets, including 
stewardship property, plant, and equipment; such assets have no liens 
or encumbrances; and no assets have been pledged. 

7. We have no plans or intentions that may materially affect the 
carrying value or classification of assets and liabilities. 

8. Guarantees under which the [entity] is contingently liable have been 
properly reported or disclosed. 

9. Related party transactions and related accounts receivable or 
payable, including assessments, loans, and guarantees, have been 
properly recorded and disclosed. 

10. All intraentity transactions and balances have been appropriately 
identified and eliminated for financial reporting purposes, unless 
otherwise noted. All intragovernmental transactions and balances have 
been appropriately recorded, reported, and disclosed. We have 
reconciled intragovernmental transactions and balances with the 
appropriate trading partners for the four fiduciary transactions 
identified in Treasury's Intra-governmental Fiduciary Transactions 
Accounting Guide, and other intragovernmental asset, liability, and 
revenue amounts as required by the applicable OMB Bulletin. 

11. There are no: 

* possible violations of laws or regulations whose effects should be 
considered for disclosure in the financial statements or as a basis for 
recording a loss contingency,

* material liabilities or gain or loss contingencies that are required 
to be accrued or disclosed that have not been accrued or disclosed, or: 

* unasserted claims or assessments that are probable of assertion and 
must be disclosed that have not been disclosed. 

12. We have complied with all aspects of contractual agreements that 
would have a material effect on the financial statements in the event 
of noncompliance. 

13. No material events or transactions have occurred subsequent to 
September 30, 20X2 [or date of latest audited financial statements], 
that have not been properly recorded in the financial statements and 
stewardship information or disclosed in the notes. 

14. We are responsible for establishing and maintaining internal 
control. 

15. We acknowledge our responsibility for the design and implementation 
of programs and controls to prevent and detect fraud (intentional 
misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures in financial 
statements and misappropriation of assets that could have a material 
effect on the financial statements). 

16. We have no knowledge of any fraud or suspected fraud affecting the 
[entity] involving: 

* management,

* employees who have significant roles in internal control, or: 

* others where the fraud could have a material effect on the financial 
statements. 

[If there is knowledge of any such instances, they should be described.]

17. We have no knowledge of any allegations of fraud or suspected fraud 
affecting the [entity] received in communications from employees, 
former employees, or others. [If there is knowledge of any such 
allegations, they should be described.]

18. Pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 3512(c), (d) (commonly known as the Federal 
Managers' Financial Integrity Act), we have assessed the effectiveness 
of the [entity's] internal control in achieving the following 
objectives: 

* reliability of financial reporting--transactions are properly 
recorded, processed, and summarized to permit the preparation of 
financial statements and stewardship information in accordance with 
U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, and assets are 
safeguarded against loss from unauthorized acquisition, use or 
disposition;

* compliance with applicable laws and regulations--transactions are 
executed in accordance with (i) laws governing the use of budget 
authority and with other laws and regulations that could have a direct 
and material effect on the financial statements and (ii) any other 
laws, regulations, and governmentwide policies identified by OMB in its 
audit guidance; and: 

* reliability of performance reporting--transactions and other data 
that support reported performance measures are properly recorded, 
processed, and summarized to permit the preparation of performance 
information in accordance with criteria stated by management. 

[If the entity bases its internal control assessment on suitable 
criteria other than 31 U.S.C. 3512(c), (d), this item should cite the 
criteria used (for example, Internal Control--Integrated Framework 
issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (COSO) of the 
Treadway Commission).]

19. Those controls in place on September 30, 20X2 [or date of latest 
audited financial statements], and during the years ended 20X2 and 
20X1, provided reasonable assurance that the foregoing objectives are 
met. [If there are material weaknesses, the foregoing representation 
should be modified to read: 

* Those controls in place on September 30, 20X2, and during the years 
ended 20X2 and 20X1, provided reasonable assurance that the foregoing 
objectives are met except for the effects of the material weaknesses 
discussed below or in the attachment. 

* or: Internal controls are not effective. 

* or: Internal controls do not meet the foregoing objectives.]

20. We have disclosed to you all significant deficiencies in the design 
or operation of internal control that could adversely affect the 
entity's ability to meet the internal control objectives and identified 
those we believe to be material weaknesses. 

21. There have been no changes to internal control subsequent to 
September 30, 20X2 [or date of latest audited financial statements], or 
other factors that might significantly affect it. [If there were 
changes, describe them, including any corrective actions taken with 
regard to any significant deficiencies or material weaknesses.]

22. We are responsible for implementing and maintaining financial 
management systems that substantially comply with federal financial 
management systems requirements, federal accounting standards (U.S. 
generally accepted accounting principles), and the U.S. Government 
Standard General Ledger at the transaction level. 

23. We have assessed the financial management systems to determine 
whether they substantially comply with these federal financial 
management systems requirements. Our assessment was based on guidance 
issued by OMB. 

24. The financial management systems substantially complied with 
federal financial management systems requirements, federal accounting 
standards, and the U.S. Government Standard General Ledger at the 
transaction level as of [date of the latest financial statements]. 

[If the financial management systems substantially comply with only one 
or two of the above elements, this representation should be modified as 
follows: 

* As of [date of financial statements], the [entity's] financial 
management systems substantially comply with [specify which of the 
three elements for which there is substantial compliance (e.g., federal 
accounting standards and the SGL at the transaction level)], but did 
not substantially comply with [specify which of the elements for which 
there was a lack of substantial compliance (e.g., federal financial 
management systems requirements)], as described below (or in an 
attachment).]

[If the financial management systems do not substantially comply with 
any of the three elements, the following paragraph should be used 
instead: 

* As of [date of financial statements], the [entity's] financial 
management systems do not substantially comply with the federal 
financial management systems requirements.]

[If there is a lack of substantial compliance with one or more of the 
three requirements, identify herein or in an attachment all the facts 
pertaining to the noncompliance, including the nature and extent of the 
noncompliance and the primary reason or cause of the noncompliance.]

25. We are responsible for the [entity's] compliance with applicable 
laws and regulations. 

26. We have identified and disclosed to you all laws and regulations 
that have a direct and material effect on the determination of 
financial statement amounts. 

27. We have disclosed to you all known instances of noncompliance with 
laws and regulations. 

[End of section]

Enclosure II: Comments From the Office of the Chief Financial Officer 
at the Tennessee Valley Authority: 

Tennessee Valley Authority, 
400 West Summit Hill Drive, 
Knoxville, Tennessee 37902-1401: 

Michael E. Rescoe: 
Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President: 
Financial Services: 

June 8, 2005: 

Mr. Gary T. Engel: 
Director: 
Financial Management and Assurance: 
United States Government Accountability Office: 
Washington, DC 20548: 

Dear Mr. Engel: 

We have reviewed your draft report regarding the Financial Audit. The 
Tennessee Valley Authority's Fiscal Year 2004 Management Representation 
Letter on Its Financial Statements (GAO-05-589R). 

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) makes written representations to 
its external auditors during the course of the annual audit of its 
financial statements in accordance with generally accepted auditing 
standards. Per discussions with personnel from the Office of the 
Inspector General of the TVA (OIG) and our external auditor, who is 
under the direct oversight of OIG, we determined that the 
representations contained in our 2004 representation letter are in 
compliance with generally accepted auditing standards applicable to the 
audit of public companies. 

According to the draft report referenced above, you noted that TVA's 
2004 representation letter was deficient in that it did not include 
four representations presented in the GAO/Presidents' Council on 
Integrity and Efficiency Financial Audit Manual (FAM) and was only 
partially compliant in a fifth representation. In addition, TVA's 
letter did not contain quantitative information regarding its 
materiality thresholds used in its representations although, as you 
note, this last deficiency is not required by generally accepted 
auditing standards or the FAM. 

Based upon the recommendations contained in the draft report, TVA 
management will work with its external auditors and OIG to ensure that 
future management representation letters include representations in 
accordance with applicable guidance. 

Thank you for the opportunity to review and comment on the draft 
report. 

Sincerely, 

Signed by: 

Michael E. Rescoe: 
Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President of Financial 
Services: 

cc: Mr. Donald R. Neff: 
Financial Management and Assurance: 
United States Government Accountability Office: 
Washington, DC 20548: 

Mr. G. Robert Powell: 
PricewaterhouseCoopers, LLP: 
10 Tenth Street, Suite 1400: 
Atlanta, Georgia 30309-1398: 

Chris S. Mitchell, WT 5D-K: 
Randy Trusley, WT 5C-K: 
Juliet H. Wells, OMA 1A-WDC: 

[End of section]

Enclosure III: Comments From the Office of the Inspector General at the 
Tennessee Valley Authority: 

Office of the Inspector General: 
Tennessee Valley Authority, 
400 West Summit Hill Drive, 
Knoxville, Tennessee 37902-1401: 

Richard W. Moore: 
Inspector General: 

June 7, 2005: 

Mr. Gary T. Engel, Director: 
Financial Management and Assurance: 
United States Government Accountability Office: 
Washington, DC 20548: 

Dear Mr. Engel: 

We have reviewed your draft report entitled Financial Audit: The 
Tennessee Valley Authority's Fiscal Year 2004 Management Representation 
Letter (GAO-05-589R). 

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) contracted with the independent public 
accounting firm of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (PwC) for the fiscal year 
2004 audit, with direct oversight of the audit by my office. As part of 
this audit, PwC obtained, and my office reviewed, representations by 
management as required by generally accepted auditing standards. We 
determined these representations complied with audit standards 
applicable to the audit of public companies, and we do not believe your 
draft report reaches a contrary conclusion. 

Your report did find, however, that the TVA management letter did not 
include certain representations illustrated in the example letter in 
the GAO/President's Council on Integrity and Efficiency Financial Audit 
Manual (FAM). Your report also noted that, although not required by 
generally accepted auditing standards or the FAM, the TVA 
representation letter did not describe the quantitative materiality 
threshold used by TVA management in its representations to the auditors 
regarding the financial statements. 

Your report then recommended that "the TVA Inspector General, with the 
contracted independent public accountant, work with the agency to help 
ensure that future management representation letters meet the key 
conditions noted as needing improvement in this report." We agree and 
will work with PwC and TVA management to ensure that future management 
representation letters include representations set forth in applicable 
guidance. 

Thank you for the opportunity to review and comment on your report. 

Very truly yours, 

Signed for: 

Richard W. Moore: 

cc: Mr. Donald R. Neff: 
Financial Management and Assurance: 
United States Government Accountability Office: 
Washington, DC 20548: 

Mr. G. Robert Powell: 
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP: 
10 Tenth Street, Suite 1400: 
Atlanta, Georgia 30309-1398: 

[End of section] 

(198368): 

FOOTNOTES

[1] The Government Management Reform Act of 1994 has required such 
reporting, covering the executive branch of government, beginning with 
financial statements prepared for fiscal year 1997. 31 U.S.C.  331 
(e). The federal government has elected to include certain financial 
information on the legislative and judicial branches in the CFS as 
well. 

[2] The fiscal year 2004 Financial Report of the United States 
Government was completed by the Department of the Treasury on December 
15, 2004, and is available through both GAO's Web site at www.gao.gov 
and Treasury's Web site at www.fms.treas.gov/fr/index.html. 

[3] GAO, GAO/PCIE: Financial Audit Manual: Update, GAO-04-1015G 
(Washington, D.C.: July 30, 2004), an update to Financial Audit Manual: 
Volumes 1 and 2, GAO-01-765G (Washington, D.C.: Aug. 1, 2001). 

[4] The FAM lists 27 representations that are ordinarily included, if 
applicable, in the management representation letter that an agency 
provides to the auditor. For 4 of the representations, the agency is 
required to address three separate components. As such, each agency is 
ordinarily expected to make a total of 35 representations. Six of the 
35 representations are not applicable unless the agency received an 
opinion on its internal control. In addition, 3 representations are 
only applicable to the 23 CFO Act agencies. Since TVA did not receive 
an opinion on its internal control for fiscal year 2004 and is not a 
CFO Act agency, only 26 of the 35 representations were applicable to 
TVA's fiscal year 2004 management representation letter. 

[5] See Treasury Financial Manual, vol. I, part 2, ch. 4700, for a list 
of the 35 agencies. These agencies, for fiscal year 2004, consisted of 
23 CFO Act agencies and 12 material other agencies. The 33 agencies we 
reviewed did not include the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission 
and the Smithsonian Institution because these audits were not complete 
before the fiscal year 2004 Financial Report of the United States 
Government was issued. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) 
Financial Accountability Act, Pub. L. No. 108-330, 118 Stat. 1275 (Oct. 
16, 2004), added DHS to the list of CFO Act agencies, increasing the 
number of CFO Act agencies again to 24 for fiscal year 2005.