How the Comptroller General Is Selected
The Congress established the current procedure for nominating a Comptroller General when it passed the GAO Act of 1980. Under the act, the Comptroller General is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. When a vacancy occurs in the office of the Comptroller General, the Congress establishes a commission to recommend individuals to the President. The commission consists of the following:
The Speaker of the House of Representatives
The President Pro Tempore of the Senate
The majority and minority leaders of the House of Representatives and the Senate
The Chairman and Ranking Member of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
The Chairman and Ranking Member of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
The commission must recommend at least three individuals to the President, and the President may request that the commission recommend additional individuals. The President then selects an individual from those recommended to nominate as the new Comptroller General. The President's nomination must be confirmed by the Senate. Comptrollers general are appointed for one nonrenewable 15-year term.
The commission process has thus been followed three times now, leading to the President's nomination, and the Senate's confirmation, of the sixth Comptroller General, Charles A. Bowsher, in 1981; the seventh Comptroller General, David M. Walker, in 1998; and the eighth Comptroller General, Gene Dodaro, in 2010.